© 7 July 1999, John H. Wahlert

This bibliography is designed to guide beginning students in mammalogy to literature in specific areas. The works included are primarily monographic and of wide coverage. It is also a work in progress; I add new works and update editions when any such come to my attention.

Note: This list has been compiled by scouring through curatorial offices and the library in the Department of Mammalogy at the American Museum of Natural History. It has been updated by perusing the new main library books borrowed by curators. I note the Museum's call number or the Library of Congress number on the back of the title page; these are not always the same, and I prefer the Museum Library's number. Several titles are taken from publisher's fliers and Choice cards; the pagination is not always correct for books that are yet to be issued, and they usually end in suspiciously round numbers.

To recommend inclusion of additional works or to correct listings, please notify John H. Wahlert.


     General Paleontology
     Regional Paleontology
     Nearctic: North America
     Neotropics (including West Indies)
     Palearctic: Eurasia
     Australian Region and New Zealand
     Marsupials and Monotremes
     Marine Mammals
          Sirenia and Desmostylia
     Ungulates: Perissodactyla and Artiodactyla, etc.

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Mammalogy at the American Museum of Natural History


Anderson, S., and J. Knox Jones, Jr., eds. 1984.Orders and families of Recent mammals of the world. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 686 pp.

Brown, R. E., and D. W. MacDonald, eds. 1985. Social odours in mammals, vols. 1 & 2. Clarendon Press, Oxford. QL739.3.S6 1985

Chivers, D. J., and P. Langer. 1994. The digestive system in mammals: Food, form and function. Cambridge Univ. Pr., New York. 400 pp.

Clutton-Brock, J. 1999. A natural history of domesticated mammals. Cambridge Univ. Pr., New York. 238 pp.

Dunstone, N., and M. L. Gorman, eds. 1993. Mammals as predators. Symposia Zool. Soc. London 65. Oxford, Calrendon Pr. 485 pp. [carnivores, bats, small mammals including seed predators] QL1.Z733 no 65 1993

Dunstone, N., and M. L. Gorman. 1998. Behaviour and ecology of riparian mammals. Symposia Zool. Soc. London 71. Cambridge and New York, Cambridge Univ. Pr. 391 pp.

Eisenberg, J. F. 1981. The mammalian radiations. An analysis of trends in evolution, adaptation, and behavior. Univ. Chicago Pr., Chicago. 610 pp.

Feldhamer, G. A., L. C. Drickamer, S. H. Vessey, and J. F. Merritt. 1999. Mammalogy: Adaptation, diversity, and ecology. WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York. 563 pp.

Flowerdew, J. R. 1987. Mammals: Their reproductive biology and population ecology. Cambridge Univ. Pr., New York. 248 pp.

Gambaryan, P. P. 1974. How mammals run: Anatomical adaptations. Transl. from Russian ed. (Leningrad, 1972) by Hilary Hradin. Halsted (Wiley), New York, and Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem. 368 pp.

Gray, J. 1968. Animal locomotion. [The World Naturalist] Norton, New York. 479 pp.

Grzimek, B., ed. 1989. Grzimek's animal life encyclopedia, second edition. Mammals I-IV (=vols. 10-13). McGraw Hill, New York.

Gunderson, H. L. 1976. Mammalogy. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 483 pp.

Macdonald, D., ed. 1984. The encyclopedia of mammals. Facts on File Publ., New York. 895 pp. + index.

Montgomery, G. G. 1978. The ecology of arboreal folivores. Smithsonian Institution Pr., Washington, D.C. 574 pp.

Morris, D. W., Z. Abramsky, B. J. Fox, and M. R. Willig, eds. 1989. Patterns in the structure of mammalian communities. Texas Tech Univ. Pr., Lubbock, Spec. Publ. 28: 266 pp. QL703.P35 1989

Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. 1995-1999. Mammalia: Animal Diversity Web, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (

Muybridge, E. 1979. Muybridge's complete human and animal locomotion. Vols. 1-3. Dover Publ., New York. 1597 pp.

Nevo, E., and O. A. Reig (eds.). 1989. Evolution of subterranean mammals at the organismal and molecular levels. Proc. Fifth Internat. Theriol. Congr., Rome, Italy. Wiley-Liss, New York. 422 pp.

Novacek, M. J. 1992. Mammalian phylogeny: shaking the tree. Nature, 356: 121-125. [12 March 1992]

Nowak, R. M., and J. L. Paradiso. 1991. Walker's mammals of the world, 5th edition. Johns Hopkins Univ. Pr., Baltimore. vol. 1: 1-642; vol. 2: 643-1629.

Phillips, C. J., and B. Tandler. 1988. Mammalian evolution at the cellular level. Current Mammal. (H. H. Genoways, ed.), Plenum Pr., New York.

Vaughan, T. A. 1985. Mammalogy. 3rd Edition. Saunders Coll. Publ., Philadelphia. 576 pp. QL703.V38 1986

Weber, M. 1904. Die Säugetiere. G. Fischer Verl., Jena. 866 pp.

Wilson, D. E, and DA. M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World, 3rd ed. (2 vols.) Johns Hopkins Univ. Pr., Baltimore. 2000 pp.

Wilson, D. E., F. R. Cole, J. D. Nichols, R. Rudran, and M. S. Foster., eds. 1996. Measuring and monitoring biological diversity: Standard methods for mammals. Smithsonian Inst. Pr., Washington. 480 pp.

Winge, H. The interrelationships of the mammalian genera. (transl. by E. Deichmann and G. M. Allen of 1924 edition). C. A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen:

    Vol. 1. 1941. Monotremata, Marsupialia, Insectivora, Chiroptera, Edentata. 417 pp.
    Vol. 2. 1941. Rodentia, Carnivora, Primates. 376 pp.
    Vol. 3. 1942. Ungulata, Cetacea. 308 pp.

Young, J. Z. 1975. The life of mammals. Their anatomy and physiology, 2nd ed. Clarendon Pr., Oxford. 528 pp.

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DeBlase, A. F., and R. E. Martin. 1981. A manual of mammalogy. Wm. C. Brown, Dubuque. 448 pp.

Lawlor, T. E. 1979. Handbook to the Orders and Families of living mammals. Mad River Press, Eureka. 327 pp.

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Animal Diversity, University of Michigan:

Mammals in the Victoria Museum, Australia:

Molecular Phylogeny Group, Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Université Montpellier II:

Tree of Life Web Project—Mammals:



BIOSIS list of Journals in Zoology:

Acta Theriologica, Polish Academy of Sciences, Mammal Research Institute. QL700.A3

Acta Theriologica Sinica, Science Press, Beijing

The American Soceity of Mammalogists:

Animal Behavior

The Australian Mammal Society:

Biosis Internet Resource Gluide for Zoology: Mammalia:

Folia Primatologica, International Journal of Primatology, S. Karger, Basel.

Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Kluwer/Plenum Pr., New York.

Journal of Mammalogy. American Society of Mammalogists.

Journal of the Mammalogical Society of Japan, National Science Museum, Tokyo. QL700.H65

Lutra, Bulletin of the Society for the Study and Protection of Mammals. QL700.M44

Lynx, Prague. QL700.L95

Mammal Review, Mammal Society, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. QL700.M31

Mammal Species of the World:

Mammalia, Paris. QL700.M34

Mammalian Biology, Urban & Fischer: Formerly Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde

Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists.

The Society for Marine Mammalogy:

Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg. QL700.Z45. See above: Mammalian Biology

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Bell, G. H., and D. B. Rhodes. 1994. A guide to the zoological literature: the animal kingdom. Libraries Unlimited. 504 pp. [includes Associations and Internet & other electronic resources.]

Brodhead, M. J. 1991. Of mice and mastodons: contributions to the literature of mammalogy by officers and men of the United States Army in the nineteenth century. Archives Nat. Hist., 18: 363-374.

Gill, T., and E. Coues. 1877. Appendix B. Material for a bibliography of North American mammals. Pp. 951-1082 in F. V. Hayden, U.S. Geologist-in-Charge, Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories, XI. Washington, DC, U. S. Government Printing Office.

Hill, J. E. 1990. A memoir and bibliography of Michael Rogers Oldfield Thomas, F.R.S. Bull. British Mus. Nat. Hist. (Hist. Ser.) 18(1): 25-113.

Hoffmeister, D., and K. B. Sterling, 1994. Origin [Beginnings of American mammalogy and early history of the American Society of Mammalogists]. In E. C. Birney and J. R. Choate, eds., Seventy-five years of mammalogy [1919-1994], Special Publication No. 11, Amer. Soc. Mammal., Lawrence KS, 1994, pp. 1-21.

Sterling, K. B. 1977. Last of the naturalists: the career of C. Hart Merriam (rev.ed.), New York, Arno Press [study of C. Hart Merriam's scientific career, focussing on his work in mammalogy].

Sterling, K. B. 1989. Builders of the Biological Survey, 1885-1910. Journal of Forest History, 33(4): 180-189.

Sterling, K. B. 1991. Two pioneering mammalogists in Mexico: the field investigations of Edward William Nelson and Edward Alphonso Goldman, 1892-1906. In M. A. Mares and D. J. Schmidly, eds., Latin American mammalogy: history, biodiversity, and conservation, Univ. Oklahoma Press, Norman, pp. 33-47.

Wood, C. A. 1931. An introduction to the literature of vertebrate zoology. Oxford Univ. Pr., London. 643 pp.

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Conisbee, L. R. 1953. A list of the names proposed for genera and subgenera of recent mammals from the publication of T. S. Palmer's 'Index generum mammalium' 1904 to the end of 1951. British Museum (Nat. Hist.), London. 109 pp.

International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. 1985. International code of zoological nomenclature. Third Ed. Univ. California Pr., Berkeley and Los Angeles. 338 pp.

Neave, S. A. 1939-1940. Nomenclator zoologicus. A list of the names of genera and subgenera in zoology from the tenth edition of Linnaeus 1758 to the end of 1935. London, Zool. Soc., 4 vols.

Kretzoi, M. & M. 2000. Index generum et subgenerum Mammalium. In W. Riegraf, ed. Fossilium Catalogus. 1: Animalia, Pars 137, Sect. 1:1-433; Sect. 2:434-726. Leiden, Backhuys Publ.

Palmer, T. S. 1904. Index generum mammalium. N. Amer. Fauna, 23: 984 pp.

Simpson, G. G. 1945. The principles of classification and a classification of mammals. Bul. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 85: 1-350.

Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder. 1993. Mammal species of the world, second edition. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, D. C. 1206 pp. QL708.M35 1992

Wilson, D. E., and F. R. Cole. 2000. Common names of mammals of the world. Smithsonian Inst. Pr., Washington, D. C. 224 pp. QL708.W45 2000

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Grant, V. 1991. The evolutionary process, second edition. Columbia Univ. Pr., New York. 487 pp. QH366.2.G67 1991

Ridley, M. 1996. Evolution, second edition. Blackwell Sci., Inc., Cambridge, MA. 719 pp.

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General Paleontology

Beard, K. C., and M. R. Dawson, eds. 1998. Dawn of the age of mammals in Asia. Bul. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist., 34: 348 pp.

Carroll, R. L. 1988. Vertebrate paleontology and evolution. W. H. Freeman and Co., New York. 698 pp.

Kermack, D. M., and K. A. Kermack, eds. 1971. Early mammals. Suppl. 1, Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 50. Academic Pr., New York. 203 pp.

Kermack, D. M., and K. A. Kermack. 1984. The evolution of mammalian characters. Croom Helm, London/Kapitan Szabo Publ., Washington D.C. 149 pp.

Lillegraven, J. A., Z. Kielan-Jaworowska, and W. A. Clemens. 1979. Mesozoic mammals. Univ. California Pr., Berkeley. 311 pp.

Lillegraven, J. A., S. T. Thompson, B. K. McNab, and J. L. Patton. 1987. The origin of eutherian mammals. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 32: 281-336.

Martin, R. A., and A. D. Barnosky, eds. 1993. Morphological change in Quaternary mammals of North America. Cambridge Univ. Pr., New York. 427 pp.

Novacek, M. J. 1990. Morphology, paleontology, and the higher clades of mammals. Pp. 507-543, in H. H. Genoways, ed., Current Mammal., vol. 2. Plenum Publ. Corp., N.Y.

Szalay, F. S., M. J. Novacek, and M. C. McKenna, eds. 1993. Mammal phylogeny. V.1: Mesozoic differentiation, multituberculates, monotremes, early therians, and marsupials. V. 2: Placentals. Springer-Verlag. 249, 321 pp.

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Regional Paleontology

Archer, M., S. J. Hand, and H. Godthelp. 1991. Riversleigh. The story of animals in ancient rainforests of inland Australia. Reed Books, Balgowhah, NSW. 264 pp.

George, W., and R. Lavocat, eds. 1993. The Africa-South America connection. Oxford Monographs on Biogeography, 7, Oxford Univ. Pr., Oxford. 166 pp.

Janis, C. M., K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs, eds. 1998. Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America. V. 1. Terrestrial carnivores, ungulates, and ungulatelike mammals. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York. QE881.E857 1998X

Vickers-Rich, P., J. M. Monaghan, R. F. Baird, and T. H. Rich. 1991. Vertebrate paleontology of Australasia. Pioneer Design Studio Pty Ltd. for and in cooperation with Monash Univ. Publ. Comm., Melbourne. 1437 pp.

Webb, S. D. 1977. A history of savanna vertebrates in the New World. Part 1: North America. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8: 355-380.

Webb, S. D. 1991. Ecogeography of the great American interchange. Paleobiology 17: 266-280.

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Allen, G. M. 1910. Solenodon paradoxus. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. 40(1): 1-54, pls. 1-7. [including excellent color lithographs of animals]

Bensley, B. A. 1931. Practical anatomy of the rabbit. P. Blakiston's Son and Co., Philadelphia. 300 pp.

Bugge, J. 1974. The cephalic arterial system in insectivores, primates, rodents and lagomorphs, with special reference to the systematic classification. Acta anat. 87(suppl. 62): 1-160.

Cooper, G., and A. L. Schiller. 1975. Anatomy of the guinea pig. Harvard Univ. Pr., Cambridge. 417 pp.

Davis, D. D. 1964. The giant panda, a morphological study of evolutionary mechanisms. Fieldiana: Zool. Mem., 3: 339 pp.

Davis, D. D., and H. E. Story. 1943. The carotid circulation in the domestic cat. Zool. Ser., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 28: 1-45.

Evans, H. E., and G. C. Christensen. 1979. Miller's anatomy of the dog. 2nd ed. Saunders, Philadelphia. 1181 pp.

Fischer, Martin S. 1986. Die Stellung der Schliefer (Hyracoidea) im phylogenetischen System der Eutheria. Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 84: 132 pp.

Flower, W. H. 1885. Osteology of the Mammalia. Macmillan and Co., London. 383 pp.

Goodrich, E. S. See DEVELOPMENT section.

Greene, E. C. 1935. Anatomy of the rat. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 27: 370 pp. (reprinted Hafner Publ. Co., New York, 1963).

Gregory, W. K., ed. 1950. The anatomy of the gorilla. The studies of Henry Cushier Raven. Columbia Univ. Pr., New York. 259 pp.

Hartman, C. G., and W. L. Straus, Jr. 1933. The anatomy of the rhesus monkey. Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. 383 pp. (reprinted Hafner Publ. Co., New York, 1961, 1965).

Hildebrand, M., D. M. Bramble, K. F. Liem, D. B. Wake, eds. 1985. Functional vertebrate morphology. Belknap Pr. of Harvard Univ. Pr., Cambridge. 430 pp.

Howell, A. B. 1926. Anatomy of the wood rat. Monogr. Amer. Soc. Mammal., 1. Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. 225 pp.

Jayne, H. 1898. Mammalian anatomy. Part 1. The skeleton of the cat. J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia. 816 pp.

Jones, F. W. 1949. The study of a generalized marsupial (Dasycercus cristicauda Krefft). Trans. Zool. Soc. London 26: 409-501.

van der Klaauw, C. J. 1931. The auditory bulla in some fossil mammals. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 62: 1- 352.

Langer, P. 1988. The mammalian herbivore stomach: comparative anatomy, function and evolution. Gustav Fischer, New York. 557 pp. QL739.2.L36 1988

Moore, W. J. 1981. The mammalian skull. Cambridge Univ. Pr., Cambridge. 369 pp.

Mossman, H. W. See DEVELOPMENT section.

Reighard, J., and H. S. Jennings. 1902. Anatomy of the cat. Henry Holt and Co., N. Y. 498 pp. QL737 .C23R4 1802a

Sisson, S., and J. D. Grossman. 1953. The anatomy of the domestic animals. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia. 972 pp.

Smuts, Malie M. S., and A. J. Bezuidenhout. 1987. Anatomy of the dromedary. Clarendon Pr., Oxford. 230 pp.

Webster, D. B., A. N. Popper, and R. R. Fay, Eds. 1992. The mammalian auditory pathway. Springer-Verlag, New York. 485 pp. QM 451.M36 1992.

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Goodrich, E. S. 1930. Studies on the structure and development of vertebrates. Macmillan, London. (Reprinted: 1958, Dover, New York; 1986, Univ. Chicago Pr., Chicago)

Klima, M. 1973. Die Frühentwicklung des Schultergürtels und des Brustbeins bei den Monotremen (Mammalia: Prototheria) Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology 47: 1-80.

Klima, M. 1987. Early development of the shoulder girdle and sternum in marsupials (Mammalia: Metatheria). Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology 109: 1-91.

Mossman, H. W. 1987. Vertebrate fetal membranes. Rutgers Univ. Pr., New Brunswick. 383 pp.

Schrenk, F. 1989. Zur Schädelentwicklung von Ctenodactylus gundi (Rothmann 1776) (Mammalia: Rodentia). Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg 108: 1-241.

University of Helsinki, the Tooth Development Group of the Developmental Biology Programme, Institute of Biotechnology, “Gene expression in tooth development,”

Zeller, U. 1989. Die Entwicklung und Morphologie des Schädels von Ornithorhynchus anatinus (Mammalia: Prototheria: Monotremata). Abhandl. Senckenbergischen Naturforsch. Gesellsch. 545: 1-188.

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Butler, P. M., and K. A. Joysey, eds. 1978. Development, function and evolution of teeth. Academic Pr., New York. 523 pp.

Dahlberg, A. A., ed. 1971. Dental morphology and evolution. Univ. Chicago Pr., Chicago. 350 pp.

Gregory, W. K. 1934. A half century of trituberculy. The Cope-Osborn theory of dental evolution, with a revised summary of molar evolution from fish to man. Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 73: 169-317, figs. 1-71, pl. I.

Hunter, J. P., and J. Jernvall. 1995. The hypocone as a key innovation in mammalian evolution. Proc. Nat'l. Acad. Sci. USA 92: 10718-10722

Koenigswald, W. v., J. M. Rensberger, and H. U. Pfretzchner. 1987. Changes in the tooth enamel of early Paleocene mammals allowing increased diet diversity. Nature 328: 150-152.

Moggi-Cecchi, J. , ed. 1995. Aspects of dental biology: Palaeontology, anthropology and evolution. Internat. Inst. Study Man. 460 pp. [dedication to Dahlberg]

Osborn, H. F. 1907. Evolution of mammalian molar teeth. Macmillan Co., New York. 250 pp.

Patterson, B. 1956. Early Cretaceous mammals and the evolution of mammalian molar teeth. Fieldiana: Geol. 13: 1-105.

Peyer, B. 1968. Comparative odontology. Univ. Chicago Pr., Chicago. 347 pp, pls. 1-88, 1-8. (Transl. and ed. by R. Zangerl).

Teaford, M., M. M. Smith, and M. W. J. Ferguson, eds. 2000. Development, function and evolution of teeth. Cambridge Univ. Pr., New York. 328 pp.

Thenius, E. 1989. Zahne und Gebiss der Saugetiere. Handbuch der Zoologie, v. 8, Mammalia, pt. 56. Walter De Gruyter, New York. 513 pp.

Turnbull, W. D. 1970. Mammalian masticatory apparatus. Fieldiana: Geol., 18: 147-356.

University of Helsinki, the Tooth Development Group of the Developmental Biology Programme, Institute of Biotechnology, “Gene expression in tooth development,”

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Andersen, H. T. 1966. Physiological adaptations in diving vertebrates. Physiol. Rev. 46: 212-143.

Bronson, F. H. 1990. Mammalian reproductive biology. Univ. Chicago Pr., Chicago. 336 pp.

Chivers, D. J., and P. Langer, eds. 1994. The digestive system in mammals. Cambridge Univ. Pr., New York. 460 pp.

Degen, A. A. 1997. Ecophysiology of small desert mammals. Springer, New York. 296 pp.

Downing, J. A., and M. Silva. 1995. CRC handbook of mammalian body masses. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton. 368 pp.

Eckert, R. 1988. Animal physiology, 3rd ed. W. H. Freeman and Co., New York.

Hayssen, V., Ari v. Tienhoven, and Ans v. Tienhoven. ?1993. Asdell's patterns of mammalian reproduction. Ithaca, Cornell Univ. Pr., Comstock Bk. 1023 pp.

Hill, R. W., and G. A. Gordon. 1989. Animal physiology, 2nd ed. Harper and Row, New York.

Kooyman, G. L. 1973. Respiratory adaptations in marine mammals. Amer. Zool. 13: 457-468.

McNab, Brian K. 1978. The evolution of endothermy in the phylogeny of mammals. Amer. Naturalist, 112: 1- 21.

Prosser, C. L., ed. 1991. Environmental and metabolic animal physiology, comparative animal physiology, 4th ed. Wiley-Liss, Inc., New York.

Schmidt-Nielsen, K. 1975. Animal physiology, adaptation and environment. Cambridge Univ. Pr., Cambridge.

Swenson, M. J., and W. O. Reece, eds. 1994. Duke's physiology of domestic animals, 11th ed. Comstock Bk., Cornell Univ. Pr., Ithaca. 992 pp.

Thomasi, T. E., and T. H. Horton. recent. Mammalian energetics. Comstock Bk., Cornell Univ. Pr., Ithaca. 296 pp.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information: Taxonomy entry to genetic databases.

University of Helsinki, the Tooth Development Group of the Developmental Biology Programme, Institute of Biotechnology, “Gene expression in tooth development,”


J. H. Wahlert
Copyright © 1999 John H. Wahlert.

Last updated 30 June 2004 (JHW)